Neuroendocrine control of the pituitary gonadotropic function in experimental diabetes

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Abstract


The hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system was examined in male and female rats with experimental diabetes in­duced by streptozotocin (STZ). Injection of STZ caused a decrease of testosterone (T) concentration and of T nuclear receptors in the pituitary. The levels of luteinizing and follicle stimulating hor­mones (LH and FSH) in the blood of diabetic rats did not differ from those in intact animals. In vitro experiments showed that the development of diabetes did not change the basal secretion of LH by the pituitary in males. Maximal response to LH-RH was record­ed in control males after 3-hour incubation, whereas the rate of LH secretion in experimental rats did not differ from basal values. In­jection of STZ to cycling females disordered the estrous cycle and involved decreases of the basal and cyclic secretion of LH, FSH, and sex hormones. The concentrations of estradiol nuclear receptors in the preoptic anterohypothalamic region and pituitary decreased, whereas the number of T-binding sites decreased only in the pitui­tary. Sex hormone-stimulated gonadotropin wave in oophorect- omized females was decreased in diabetes, which was due to changed activity of the LH-RH producing system. The authors hy­pothesize that changes in the mechanism of regulation of the hy­pothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system in experimental diabetes are re­lated to pituitary disorders in males, whereas changed basal and cy­clic secretion of LH and FSH in females is caused by disordered activity of the LH-RH production and receptor binding at the level of the hypothalamo-pituitary complex.


V. N. Babichev

Endocrinological Research Center of RAMS
 

Author for correspondence.
Email: probl@endojournals.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

Laboratory of physiology of the endocrine system of the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology

E. I. Adamskaya

Endocrinological Research Center of RAMS
 

Email: probl@endojournals.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

Laboratory of physiology of the endocrine system of the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology

T. A. Kuznetsova

Endocrinological Research Center of RAMS
 

Email: probl@endojournals.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

Laboratory of physiology of the endocrine system of the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology

I. V. Shishkina

Endocrinological Research Center of RAMS
 

Email: probl@endojournals.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

Laboratory of physiology of the endocrine system of the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology

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